In-kind income and the measurement of poverty

by Janice Peskin

Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare in [Washington]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 78 Downloads: 808
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  • Public welfare -- United States.,
  • Income distribution -- United States.,
  • Income maintenance programs -- United States.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 70-72.

Statementby Janice Peskin.
SeriesThe Measure of poverty : technical paper ;, 7
LC ClassificationsHC110.P6 M35 vol. 7, HV91 M35 vol. 7
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 78 p. :
Number of Pages78
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4690498M
LC Control Number77601999

This attempts to provide a more refined measure of poverty taken from the same survey information. However, our poverty risk calculator estimates are based on a different economic and social survey. It is called the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (or PSID), and is the longest running longitudinal data set in the world. This is not so much because of any underlying view to the effect that income is the most relevant dimension in which to measure inequality and poverty, as because this chapter is primarily a survey of the literature; and the literature on inequality and poverty has, as it happens, concerned itself very largely with measurement in the income Cited by: Income Poverty Measurements Absolute vs. Relative Poverty Like all statistical indicators, poverty measurements are not just a technical matter but are also a reflection of the social concerns and values attached to the subject in question. What it means to be poor and who defines it is a topic that researchers andFile Size: KB. (HPI). It shows a large spread of human poverty among countries with similar levels of income poverty and thus, HPI is only weakly correlated with income poverty. Recent HPI trends are also presented and discussed. Caterina Ruggeri Laderchi, Ruhi Saith and Frances Stewart analyse empirical evidence to see if and why the definition of poverty File Size: KB.

Poverty is not having enough material possessions or income for a person's needs. Poverty may include social, economic, and political elements.. Absolute poverty is the complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs, such as food, clothing and shelter. The threshold at which absolute poverty is defined is always about the same, independent of the . the official measure of poverty; calculated to include incomes that are less than three times a low-cost food budget Social Security Act guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health. Start studying Soc Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. The most important problem with the official measure of poverty, however, is that it does not take into account. poverty is not just about income. dimensional poverty and vulnerability over time; Section 5 addresses further issues related to the measurement of multi-dimensional poverty and Section 6 concludes. 2. Issues Related to the Concept of Multi-dimensional Poverty Poverty has to be defined, or at least grasped conceptually, before it can be by:

When US officials became concerned about poverty during the s, they quickly realized they needed to find out how much poverty we had. To do so, a measure of official poverty, or a poverty line The government’s measure of official poverty, based on the cost of a minimal diet for a family that is then multiplied by three., was needed.A government economist, Mollie . Popular Education Poverty Books Showing of 13 Whatever It Takes: Geoffrey Canada's Quest to Change Harlem and America (Hardcover) by. Paul Tough (Goodreads Author) (shelved 2 times as education-poverty) avg rating — 4, ratings — published Want to Read saving Want to Read.   The U.S. Census Bureau’s announcement today that the number of Americans living below the poverty line fell between and is good news. But before we get too excited, it is worth noting that the federal poverty line was a meager $12, for a single person living alone in (and only about $24, for a married couple living with two children). Poverty in the United States of America refers to people who lack sufficient income or material possessions for their needs. Although the United States is a relatively wealthy country by international standards, poverty has consistently been present throughout the United States, along with efforts to alleviate it, from New Deal-era legislation during the Great Depression to .

In-kind income and the measurement of poverty by Janice Peskin Download PDF EPUB FB2

About this Book Catalog Record Details. In-kind income and the measurement of poverty / by Janice Peskin. Peskin, Janice. View full catalog record.

A second and related measure, the Department of Health and Human Services Poverty The federal government defines “poverty” as income below specific amounts that the Bureau of the Census establishes. These thresholds, known as federal poverty levels (FPL), are adjusted annually for inflation and vary according to family size and the age of.

An Investigation of the Measurement of Poverty in Ireland Gini coefficient household income household types housing costs housing expenditures approach ill/disabled impact imputed rent in-kind benefits income distribution income poverty lines income poverty measure income poverty rates income poverty threshold increases Irish Layte LCA Reviews: 1.

The definition of poverty, which is conventionally measured by income, is associated with Charles Booth, who came up with the concept of the poverty line in his important survey The Life and Labor of the People in London, which was carried out between and The poverty line reflects any calculations about the money required for subsistence living, including.

50 Best Books On Poverty - Best MSW Programs. ON THE MEASUREMENT OF POVERTY Official statistics in the United States and the United Kingdom show a rise in poverty between the 's and the 's but scepticism has been expressed with regard to these findings.

In particular, the methods employed in the measurement of poverty have been the subject of Size: KB. The Poverty Line: Concept and Measurement Article (PDF Available) in The Journal of Human Resources 12(4) November with 3, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Asset-related measures of poverty and economic stress: some definitions Income-net worth measures It is standardto define the poverty status as the insufficiency of current income, CYt, relative to a pre-fix thresholdwhich represents the minimum acceptable level of commandover Size: KB.

Measurement of Poverty. Any poverty measure is thus unlikely to satisfy the various demands addressed to it. In particular, every measure has a number of advantages and disadvantages.

Important questions in the choice of the poverty measurement methodology include its purpose and the data requirements. Measurement of Poverty: Absolute and Relative Poverty. It is not easy to measure poverty. Poverty is generally defined in absolute sense, though the concept of relative poverty is also important.

In absolute sense a person is poor if his income falls below a certain minimum level which is required to satisfy minimum basic needs. Poverty is measured in the United States by comparing a person’s or family’s income to a set poverty threshold or minimum amount of income needed to cover basic needs.

People whose income falls under their threshold are considered poor. The U.S. Census Bureau is the government agency in charge of measuring poverty. The brief summarizes findings from the Census Bureau’s Supplemental Poverty Measure report for The brief highlights SPM levels for the most recent year, changes from the previous year and historical trends.

SPM estimates are compared to estimates of the official poverty measure. poverty measurement worldwide and sketches a road to improving country practices while achieving greater comparability within and across countries.

It is hoped that this book will serve as the basis for formulating national, regional and international statistical programs to strengthen the capacity in member countries to collect and analyze Size: 1MB.

Contains supporting data for the report The Measure of Poverty. Item Description: xii, 78 pages: illustrations ; 27 cm: Other Titles: In-kind income and the measurement of poverty: Responsibility: by Janice Peskin.

In the second half of Chapter Four, devoted to “Poverty and Wealth,” The Meritocracy Trap argues that “poverty is by any measure both narrower and shallower than in the past, and abject poverty remains unrecognizably less broad or deep.”[1] Claims like these require measuring poverty, and this is (unsurprisingly) a difficult and also contested enterprise.

This book is an introduction to the theory and practice of measuring poverty and inequality, as well as a user’s guide for readers wanting to ana- lyze income or consumption distribution for any standard household data- set using the ADePT program—a free download from the World Bank’s website.

statistical offices measure purchasing power as income and others measure it as expenditures. Within each definition (income or expenditures), an even greater diversity of approaches are employed. Wide differences arise in the setting of poverty lines, for example, as well as variations in the types of data collected, survey methods, and waysFile Size: 87KB.

Measurement of Poverty and Poverty of Measurement Martin Greeley* Summary Conventional measures of poverty relate household per capita income or expenditure estimates to a poverty line derived from a nutrition-based estimate of minimum income or.

New Multidimensional Poverty Measurements and Economic Performance in Ethiopia By Teshome Adugna(PhD) 1 September 1, 1. Introduction During the last five decades, different approaches have been used in explaining the concepts and measurements of poverty in developing Size: 64KB.

Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text. Historically, poverty and well-being in the US have been assessed using income-based measures (i.e., by applying the official poverty thresholds to income data reported in surveys).

In theory, income-based measures capture a household's ability to purchase the goods and services that it needs. That is, income is a measure of a household's resources that can be.

Poverty measurement. Poverty and twice-poverty rates. Income & Poverty Figure 7R in State of Working America 12th Edition. and in-kind income. Figure 7T in State of Working America 12th Edition. International comparisons. Earnings at the 10th percentile as a share of median worker earnings in selected OECD countries, late s.

poverty measure has stood nearly unchanged. This, in spite of extensive efforts designed to improve the measurement of both financial means (for example, extensions of the income concept to include the value of in-kind transfers and tax li-abilities) and the poverty threshold (for example, alternative equivalence scales and revised needs standards).

Definitions and measures of poverty July Our vision is a world without poverty that invests in human security, where everyone shares the benefits of opportunity and growth Measuring poverty Income poverty measurements generally use the physiological deprivation model1 to assess lack of access to economic resources (income File Size: KB.

poverty actually went up during this period in Sub-Saharan Africa, as in many developing countries in other regions. Additionally, there are concerns about an international income-based poverty line as a meaningful measure of poverty. Evidence suggests that such poverty lines misrepresent the actual extent of poverty.

Many. Poverty can adversely affect a child's cognitive, language, social and academic development. The meaning of poverty for children is complex. Factors which have an impact on poverty among children in Western countries include family income and public assistance from the.

The choice of income or consumption as an indicator for poverty measurement is al most a default, both in the popular imagination, and in economic and social : Gerry Redmond.

Poverty remains one of the most urgent issues of our time. In this stimulating new textbook, Ruth Lister introduces students to the meaning and experience of poverty in the contemporary world.

The book opens with a lucid discussion of current debates around the definition and measurement of poverty in industrialized societies, before embarking on a thought-provoking 4/5(1). Low-Income Assistance The Policy Book: AARP Public Policies benefits such as Medicare, Medicaid and housing subsidies.

These alternative poverty estimates compare income levels that combine money income and in-kind income with poverty thresholds that do not include in-kind income.

The supplemental poverty measure takes into account family resources and expenses not included in the official measure as well as geographic variation. First, it adds the value of in-kind benefits that are available to buy basic goods to cash income. In-kind benefits include nutritional assistance, subsidized housing and home energy assistance.

Measurements. The main poverty line used in the OECD and the European Union is a relative poverty measure based on "economic distance", a level of income usually set at 60% of the median household income.

The United States, in contrast, uses an absolute poverty measure. The US poverty line was created in –64 and was based on the dollar costs of the U.S.

.Abstract. The paper is concerned with discussing some of the basic issues in the measurement of poverty. The measurement of poverty can be split into two distinct operations, viz. identification (who are the poor?) and aggregation (how are the poverty characteristics of different people to be combined into an aggregate measure?).

The nature of the exercise of poverty measurement Cited by: THE CURRENT POVERTY MEASURE: EVALUATION The current poverty measure has a set of lines, or thresholds, that are com-pared with families’ resources to determine whether or not they are poor.

The thresholds differ by the number of adults and children in a family and, for some family types, by the age of the family head. The resources are.